No matter what your situations, certainly you want to ensure that you can set up appropriate survival shelters for you and others. A survival shelter that you need may differ depending on your situation. The first thing that should be considered is choosing the best spot for building your survival shelter. The spot is dependent on how long you will be using your shelter.
A short-term shelter is different from long-term shelter. For an immediate and short-term shelter, you need to look for trees, caves, and rocky overhangs. You can use fallen trees. Trees are an apparent source of shelter. They have several helpful parts for building shelter. You can use their trunk as a support. You can take them as framework and their foliage can be insulating material.
For a long-term survival shelters, you should search for some areas in closeness to food and water sources. Choose an area that can provide enough access to see what is happening around you.
Whether you are in desert terrain, you can still make an effective survival shelter. In desert terrain, you may cannot find trees. At that condition, you can try using the steep side of a dune for shelter. The gradual side on the land can indicate the direction of the wind is coming from. The steep side can provide natural shelter. You need to always look for a spot where the ground is dry.
There are several types of survival shelters.
Simple frame and tarp shelter
If you have enough supplies, you may have a tarp that can be used with a simple frame to make a shelter. To make a frame, you can learn the poles against a lower tree trunk so that it will fit below your tarp. Do not forget to remove the sharp edges from the wood. You can wrap the corners using leaves to make sure that you won’t puncture the tarp. If you have cordage, you can tie it at the angle among 2 trees and cover the tarp over top. You can hold the tarp in place by placing rocks on the sides. A tarp can be an excellent short-term shelter. In an emergency situation, you can skip the frame and only wrap yourself in a poncho and huddle on sheltered spot.
Body heat survival shelters
This shelter is easy to build. It is very useful for unexpected situations. It can comfortably accommodate one or two people. You can use debris from the ground to build a simple body heat shelter. You can use dirt, twigs, and leaves to make a mound and apply large sticks to frame it. Make a hole that is only big enough to crawl into. Cover the opening to limit the open space and block the air flow. The shelter will trap your body heat inside and keep you warm. If the ground is covered in snow, you can use the snow to make your mound. The snow is cold, but it can serve the purpose of protecting you from the elements outside. It can also trap your body heat.
Open survival shelters
The advantages of open shelter are it can offer additional safety against the elements like rain and wind. This shelter can accommodate up to 4 people. You can create this shelter using 2 tripods rather than trees for support. Based on the supply of materials, the building can take from 2-5 hours. Start by searching for trees that have low branches to support the highest point. If you just set a tree, you can use it as the ridgepole, but if you want to set 2 trees that are near one another, you need to lay a strong branch among them.